|1773 Britain passes the Tea Act to save the British East India Co., granting it a monopoly on the North American tea trade.|
1837 New York City banks fail, and unemployment reaches record levels.
1863 Confederate General Stonewall Jackson dies 8 days after he is accidentally shot by his own troops.
1869 The First Transcontinental Railroad, linking the eastern
and western United States, is completed at Promontory Summit, Utah with
the golden spike.
1893 The Supreme Court rules that a tomato is a vegetable, not a fruit, under the Tariff Act of 1883.
1908 Mother's Day is observed for the first time in the United States, in Grafton, West Virginia.
1924 J. Edgar Hoover is appointed the Director of the United States' Federal Bureau of Investigation
1940 Winston Churchill is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
1946 First successful launch of an American V-2 rocket at White Sands Proving Ground.
1975 Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder in Japan.
2005 A hand grenade thrown by Vladimir Arutinian lands about 65
feet from President George W. Bush while he is giving a speech to a
crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but it malfunctions and does not detonate.